Document Type

Original Article

Subject Areas

Covid-19 and African Trade


Cross-border trade, Covid-19, trader, corridor, ECOWAS


The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Strict has adopted strict restrictions since the appearance of the new coronavirus disease in 2019 (Covid-19). This article seeks to assess the economic consequences of these measures on the activities of cross-border trade actors. To this end, data was collected from 144 traders, 8 customs services, 9 immigration services and 84 transporters using the quota method, distributed among 6 trade corridors (Ouagadougou-Téma, Dakar-Bamako, Ouagadougou-Abidjan, Lomé-Ouagadougou, Cotonou-Niamey and Lagos-Kano-Niamey). Empirical findings show that on all corridors, the health crisis has led to a decline in trade transactions and hence a decline in net gains for traders and transporters. Other actors were also affected due to the slowdown in their activities. Our findings suggest a reopening of land borders while scrupulously respecting the barrier measures and the implementation of a real support plan for cross-border trade actors.

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